Template Holes: The Short

History

The original short hole was the 5th at Brancaster, now the 4th hole at Royal West Norfolk Golf Club designed by Horace Hutchinson & Holcombe Ingleby (pictured below). C.B. Macdonald believed that every golf course should have one of these holes to test a player's short iron and putting skills. The short hole is often times the most picturesque hole on the golf course. As you will see below, Macdonald and Seth Raynor often used dramatic backdrops or elevation changes to enhance their short holes. I find that these holes are the easiest of the template holes to identify because of their short distance and strong defining characteristics.

Characteristics

As the name suggests, the short hole’s defining characteristic is its length which typically ranges from 130-160 yards. These holes were designed to test a player’s skill with their shorter clubs and putter. Short holes feature a large elevated green that typically has the most complex and severe undulations on the course. Macdonald and Raynor often times protected their short holes with deep bunkers in front and on both sides of the elevated green making for difficult up and downs for any shot that misses the green. Unfortunately, with the advent of technology and uneducated greens committees, many holes designed as short holes have been lengthened over the years in an effort to beef up their courses scorecard and yardage.

A sketch of the 6th at Lookout Mountain. Photo credit: F.D. Stein

Strategy

Success on a short hole is all about accuracy, distance control, and a deft putting touch. Short holes offer players an excellent opportunity to make a birdie, but a shot hit to the wrong section of the green or into a bunker will make for an extremely difficult par save.  It is vital for a player to place their ball in the right position to leave themselves an uphill putts that can be hit more aggressively and mitigate the break. 

A quick story about a short hole-  the last time that I played Shoreacres (featured below), I hit my shot on the short hole 12th to about 10 feet above and left of the pin, what I thought was a good shot and look at birdie. When I got to the green, I realized I would be lucky to make par. My ball was resting just above a ridgeline, leaving a hard breaking slick putt downhill. I hit what I thought was a terrific putt, only to have it roll 15 feet past the pin which led to a 3-putt bogey and a little frustration as I walked to the next tee. 

Chicago Golf Club - 10th - 139 yards

One of the original holes at Chicago Golf is the short par 3 10th. Measuring a mere 139 yards, the 10th might look like an easy par at first glance but a severely undulated green challenges players of all skill levels. The green contains a thumbprint on the left side which makes any putt that is not directly below it challenging.  The right side of the green has another thumbprint as well as a severe false front. A properly placed approach shot will yield a good birdie look at the 10th but average shots face difficult two putts.

An aerial look at Chicago Golf Club's 10th hole shows the many undulations in the large green. Photo Credit: Jon Cavalier @linksgems

C.B. Macdonald's first short hole, the 10th at Chicago Golf Club

Another look at Chicago Golf's 10th.

Here’s a shot that gives you a look at the severe undulation on the 10th green.

The severe slope of Chicago Golf's 10th green.

The Greenbrier - Old White Course - 18th - 162 yards

The finisher at Greenbrier's Old White course is the short. In Keith Foster's latest renovation, they were able to bring back the thumbprint. This makes the green far more interesting as it wrecks havoc on nearly every pin position.

The 18th green at Greenbrier Old White Photo Credit: Zac Blair @z_blair

National Golf Links of America - 6th - 141 yards

The short hole at C.B. Macdonald's masterpiece is a dandy. The green is one of the course's largest and most undulating. It features an enormous elephant buried in the center. This mound sends balls in all different directions and is pinable. 

the 6th tee shot at NGLA. Photo Credit: Jon Cavalier @linksgems

A look at the massive mound in the green. Photo Credit: Jon Cavalier @linksgems

Looking back from the back of the short. Photo Credit: Jon Cavalier @linksgems

Another angle of NGLA's Short hole. Photo Credit: Jon Cavalier @linksgems

St. Louis C.C. - 7th - 155 yards

Macdonald and Raynor’s gem, St. Louis Country Club’s 7th hole, aptly named “Shortie,” is one of the strongest short holes in golf. While the target is quite large, some 7800 square feet, the green is extremely challenging with its thumbprint design and its deep dropoffs on the front and right side of the putting surface.

"Shortie" the par 3 7th at St. Louis C.C. Photo Credit: Kyle Truax @TheTruArchitect

As you can see, the penalty for missing in the bunkers at the 7th is quite severe.

Shortie's deep bunkering. Photo Credit: Kyle Truax @TheTruArchitect

Here is a shot of Shortie’s unique thumbprint green a great added element to the design of this short hole.

St. Louis C.C.'s 7th green that has a thumbprint feature. Photo Credit: Kyle Truax @TheTruArchitect

Shoreacres - 12th - 127 yards

Architect Seth Raynor was able to use Shoreacres natural terrain masterfully for the absolutely beautiful short hole 12th. While only 127 yards, the 12th poses golfers with a challenging shot because of the elevation change and a green with numerous shelves and severe slopes.

The 12th hole at Shoreacres a beautiful short hole.

This is a shot from the 15th tee looking down at the 12th green.

A look at the 12th from the 15th tee. Photo Credit: Web Browning @shotsbyweb

A look at the 12th from the 15th tee. Photo Credit: Web Browning @shotsbyweb

Here’s a look at the severe elevation change from behind the 12th green.

Looking back at the 12th at Shoreacres.

Sleepy Hollow C.C. - 16th - 155 yards

One of the most picturesque short holes lies at Sleepy Hollow C.C. in Scarborough, NY.  Designed by C.B. Macdonald & Seth Raynor, the 16th is framed by a great bunker that wraps around nearly the entire green, capturing any wayward shot. The bunkering and the elevated green make golfers feel as if their target is floating below the scenic backdrop of the Hudson River. 

The stunning 16th at Sleepy Hollow C.C. Photo Credit: Jon Cavalier @linksgems

The 16th at Sleepy Hollow. Photo Credit: Jon Cavalier @linksgems

One more of the beautiful 16th at Sleepy Hollow.

Fox Chapel Golf Club - 11th - 156 yards

Another classic short hole, this one from Seth Raynor’s Fox Chapel Golf Club in Pittsburgh, PA. This is hole’s green is slightly smaller, making it a very challenging and intimidating shot for any player. Again we see the signature deep bunkering that guards Fox Chapel’s 11th.

The 12th at Fox Chapel.

Fishers Island Club - 16th - 146 yards

Another Raynor design, this short hole at the Fishers Island Club features another beautiful backdrop, the Long Island Sound.

The green is surrounded by trouble with bunkers catching small misses and marsh penalizing the wide misses. As is typically the case, Raynor saved his wildest green for the short, making par a formidable test on the seemingly easy par 3. 

The 16th green’s exterior slopes funnel shots on the edges into the bunkers while the center slopes to the right, with a thumbprint on the back half which makes any putt not directly below the flag extremely fast. The unique aspect of Fishers’ short is the right side, which is obstructed from the tee but allows for a pin that seemingly floats into the marsh. Getting to that pin is a tall task and the prudent play is to play just slightly left of it, allowing the slope to funnel the ball to the corner.

The 16th is an opportunity for a player to make a birdie on the closing stretch, but the prevailing wind can make the 16th not so short. When I played the hole, I was forced to hit a punch 6 iron. 

The 16th at Fishers Island Photo Credit: Jon Cavalier @linksgems

The Course at Yale - 5th - 147 yards

A rare Macdonald and Raynor course that is open for public play, The Course at Yale has some of the boldest examples of the template holes. Here is the short hole at Yale which possesses the key features, an elevated and undulated green protected by deep bunkering. 

The 5th hole at The Course at Yale. Photo Credit: Holderness & Bourne

Here's a cool shot of the Yale's 5th from 1925, when the course opened. 

The fifth hole at the Course at Yale from 1925.

Camargo Club - 11th - 140 yards 

Camargo is known for its par 3’s and the short 11th is a beauty. Raynor was able to push this massive green up creating deep and large bunkers surrounding the green. While the green is a big target, a tucked flag can bring the deep bunkers and bogey into play quite easily.

The 11th at Camargo.

A closer look of the sloping green at Camargo's 11th.

Blue Mound Golf and Country Club - 7th - 160 yards

The 7th at Blue Mound is a downhill shot that has a beautiful cathedral in the background. I played this hole with a Web.com Tour player and a +3, and in true short hole fashion, we all hit the green and only one of us walked off with a par as two of us 3-putted due to average approach shots.

The 7th at Blue Mound G&CC.

Blue Mound's 7th is much more picturesque from the middle (original) tee box.

The tough green features a thumbprint in the middle.

The Creek Club - 17th - 154 yards

The Creek Club’s short hole holds the unique distinction of being the only Raynor and Macdonald template that borders a cemetery! Beyond the cemetery adding some intimidation and negative vibes, the green is heavily sloped with a back tier and bunkers on each side that wrap around the front and back.

The short 17th at the historic Macdonald design The Creek Club. Photo Credit: An Ambulent Golfer

The cemetery that borders The Creek Club. Photo Credit: An Ambulent Golfer

Yeamans Hall - 3rd - 147 yards

At South Carolina’s exclusive Seth Raynor retreat, Yeamans Hall features a great short hole. With only low country marsh as a backdrop, a player's depth perception is thrown for a loop making trusting distance very difficult. The elevated green is protected by a thumbprint green complex and is guarded by deep bunkers behind right and in front.

Seth Raynor's Yeamans Hall features a beautiful and challenging short hole. Photo Credit: An Ambulent Golfer

Mountain Lake Country Club - 9th - 146 yards

The 9th was actually added by Charles Banks, Raynor’s protege in the late 20’s, during a renovation. Banks was a master of the thumbprint designed green, using it in many of his short holes, one of which is at Mountain Lake. The thumbprint plays a role on nearly every pin. Shots that are slightly off face a difficult putt due to it's undulations. 

The 9th tee shot at Mountain Lake.

The 9th tee shot at Mountain Lake.

A great look at the 9th's tough green complex. Photo Credit: The Bausch Collection at MyPhillyGolf.com

Morris County Golf Club - 3rd - 137 yards

A great little one-shotter at Seth Raynor’s New Jersey gem, Morris County. The third plays only 137 yards and to a severely sloped green, making spin control a must in order to give yourself a birdie chance.

The short 3rd at Morris County, a Seth Raynor in New Jersey. Photo Credit: Spencer Waresk

A closer look at the well guarded 3rd at Morris County. Photo Credit: Spencer Waresk

Lookout Mountain Golf Club - 6th - 126 yards

At the Silva restored Raynor, the membership had to be convinced to bring the short hole 6th back to its original greatness during Silva’s work at the Chattanooga gem. In the dark ages of golf architecture this hole’s green was bulldozed by membership that thought it was too penal. Silva was able to restore the green to its original height using old aerials of the course, bringing back a great and unique short hole. 

The 6th hole at Lookout Mountain. Photo Credit: Dillon Mays

A beautiful panoramic of Lookout Mountain's 6th. Photo Credit: F.D. Stein

North Shore Country Club - 17th - 125 yards

Raynor afforded players the opportunity to make a birdie during North Shore's closing stretch. The 17th's green is set at a 45 degree angle and has two distinct ledges. The back right pin position is elevated by a large slope and requires a precise shot and spin control to keep the ball close.  

The beautiful 17th at North Shore CC Photo Credit: The Bausch Collection at MyPhillyGolf.com

A look at the heavily undulated green complex and back shelf. Photo Credit: The Bausch Collection at MyPhillyGolf.com

Links at Lawsonia - 7th - 161 yards

Located in Green Lake, Wi The Links at Lawsonia offer golfers a great public course designed by golden age great William Langford. Langford uses many Macdonald principals in his design and you see the short hole show up at the 7th. The push up green is guarded by a 20' bank in front and to the right of the green as well as deep bunkers directly behind it. In true short hole fashion, hit a good shot at 7 or face a difficult par save.

The 7th at the Links of Lawsonia. Photo Credit: Steve Sawtell

A look at the deep bunkers behind the short 7th. Photo Credit: Steve Sawtell

Forsgate Country Club  - 12th - 159 yards

One of the most distinct short holes is the 12th at Forsgate which features a pronounced thumbprint green complex. As the photo shows, Forsgate has one of the most unique and memorable greens in all of golf on its short hole 12th. 

The tee shot at the 12th at Forsgate C.C. Photo Credit: The Bausch Collection at MyPhillyGolf.com

Banks' famous thumbprint/horseshoe green design at Forsgate. Photo Credit: The Bausch Collection at MyPhillyGolf.com

Black Creek Club - 3rd - 165 yards

At Brian Silva’s Black Creek Club in Chattanooga, the 3rd is a downhill short hole. It features a thumbprint green similar to many others as well as deep bunkering on the right and left sides.

The short hole at the Black Creek Club.

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